Lebanon, officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a Country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of The Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon’s mountainous terrain, proximity to the sea, and strategic location at a crossroads of the world were decisive factors in shaping its history. The political, economic, and religious movements that either originated in the region or crossed through to leave an imprint upon Lebanese society give form to that history. For the people of the Mediterranean, Lebanon is in the area where the sun rises. Lebanon is a very small country, perched on 2 mountainous ranges called the Lebanon and the anti-Lebanon, with a valley in the middle named the Beka’a. Unlike the rest of the Middle East, Lebanon is a very “green” country, with lots of flowers and trees and small rivers. There is no desert in Lebanon, just lots of rocky mountains.